Landsat MSS Processing

Landsat Multispectral Scanner System (MSS) is a multispectral scanning radiometer that was carried on board of the first five Landsats satellite of the Landsat program, result of the joint effort of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Earth Observation Satellite Company (EOSAT), Department of the Interior (DOI) of the USGS, General Electric (GE), Astrospace, and Hughes Santa Barbara Remote Sensing.

Landsat 1 was launched on July 23, 1972, and was operative until January 1978. Landsat 2 was launched on January 25, 1975, and was operative until February 1982. Landsat 3 was launched on March 5, 1978, and was operative until March 1983. Landsat 4 was launched on July 16, 1982, and was operative until December 1993. Landsat 5 was launched on March 1, 1984, and was operative until December 2012. They all embark the payload Multi-Spectral Scanner (MSS)which was operated from Jul 1982 to October 1992. In June 2012, the MSS sensor was powered back on to see if imagery could be acquired. The MSS sensor collected data until January 2013.

Even though the Landsat Program is managed by USGS, and data from Landsat was collected and distributed from the USGS's Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science, many ESA ground stations acquired and processed Landsat MSS data. The reprocessing of the entire dataset has been started in October 2013 and is currently on-going, performed by the eXpert Product Reprocessing Scalable Service X-PReSS consortium under the ESA management.

The X-PReSS consortium - formed by Serco SpA, Ifremer, Magellium, S&T, CATAPULT, ENGINEERING and SISTEMA, - aims at collecting, consolidating, processing and delivering the entire ESA Landsat MSS dataset holding, including its repatriation to ESA.