Landsat 5 is the fifth satellite of the Landsat program, result of the joint effort of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Earth Observation Satellite Company (EOSAT), Department of the Interior (DOI) of the USGS, General Electric (GE), Astrospace, and Hughes Santa Barbara Remote Sensing.
Landsat 5 was launched on March 1, 1984, and was operative until December 2012. It embarks 2 payloads: the Thematic Mapper (TM) and Multi-Spectral Scanner (MSS); the first one was operated from March 1984 to November 2011, while the second one from March 1984 to August 1995 and during 2012.
Even though the Landsat Program is managed by USGS, and data from Landsat 5 was collected and distributed from the USGS's Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science, many ESA ground stations acquired and processed Landsat TM data. The reprocessing of the entire dataset has been started in January 2013 and is currently on-going, performed by the eXpert Product Reprocessing Scalable Service X-PReSS consortium under the ESA management.
The X-PReSS consortium - formed by Serco SpA, Ifremer, Magellium, and S&T - aims at collecting, consolidating, processing and delivering the entire ESA Landsat-5 TM dataset holding, including its repatriation to USGS.
The progress of the different activities is summarized in the figure.